plants native to ghana

Coconut flesh and juice is known to be very nutritious, containing vitamins C, E, B1 and more. There are a variety of different species of plants that are native to the West African nation of Nigeria, a country which is situated along the Gulf of Guinea.Most of the country is tropical and receives a lot of rainfall, but the very northeast part of the country located in … It is particularly abundant along the creeks of Niger Delta, Cross River, Lagos and Ikorodu in Nigeria. It has become a serious obstacle to the natural regeneration of important native species of plants in some 22 countries. 06.JPG 6,016 × 4,000; 6.46 MB You can see undisturbed rainforest from its famous canopy walkway, as well as Mona monkeys and wild birds. View of cacao pods in a cocoa tree at Tetteh Quarshie cocoa farm in Mampon on June 14, 2019, in Eastern Region of Ghana. When cultivating these plants at home, it is advisable to remove the bloom since it takes a lot of the plant’s energy during photosynthesis. However, much of Ghana's natural vegetation has been damaged due to agriculture and industrial development. Well known where it grows naturally, it is largely unheard of elsewhere. /VCG Photo. They come in various shades of green, red, pink, white, green etc. Besides of its cosmetic value, the shea butter is also used in food preparation. Despite their stocky robust morphology and short legs, hippos can run very fast. Ghana is one of the leading suppliers of the butter and many communities in Northern Ghana depend on the tree as their source of income. This interactive photographic guide shall help you to identify higher plants from West African ecosystems. Paya - Pear, or Avocado Tree. The plant is native to West Africa including. This is despite the fact that there has been significant progress in reducing these at the national level. Food: Red palm oil extracted from fruit and palm kernel oil extracted from the seeds are extensively used in the preparation of food. genus) are only included if monotypic or endemic. /VCG Photo. It belongs to the family, Strelitziaceae and the order Zingiberales. The shea tree is indigenous to the dry savannah of Africa. Its fruit is used to extract the shea butter that is in great demand in the cosmetic industry. It makes a good spread on bread, a good soup ingredient, and medically it is said to help your system regular. Ghana Nursery Plants Products supplied by reliable Ghana Nursery Plants Manufacturers and Nursery Plants Suppliers - Made in Ghana Baobab. Therefore Ghana is a perfect place to grow taro. Native to Zambia, Angola, Ghana, Kenya, Tanzania, and Sudan, these trees can be invasive if not controlled. Parts of Ghana are included in the Eastern Guinean Forests ecoregion and the Guinean Forests of West Africa hotspot . Another one is Kakum National Park located in the coastal plain region. pisi; Gibberella intricans; Gibberella stilboides; and Macrophomina phaseolina. The tree can grow up to 82 feet and has white flowers before it bears fruit. Today, cocoa continues to play a significant role in Ghana's economy. It contains images of ferns and seed plants taken … Nature Land And Natural Resources Ghana is a lowland country, except for a range of hills on the eastern border. Planting trees here will help to restore degraded land that has been over-exploited for timber and agriculture. The fruit, called a cacao pod, contains 20 to 60 beans that are the main ingredients for chocolate. Raphia vinifera, the West African piassava palm, bamboo palm or West African bass fibre is a palm tree species. These plants local name is Atoa but it also known as golden apple for their brightly colored fruit. Taro or elephant ear is grown for its root vegetable, starchy form and it’s the leafy vegetable. Taro is a plant which can even adapt itself to cold climatic conditions. A number of medicinal plants may be cultivated rather than harvested from the wild. These include the herbaceous plant Aframomum melgueta, and Xylopia species. Mondia, also known as White's ginger (Apocynaceae), is native to Ghana, where its climbing form is notable for large, heart-shaped leaves and clusters of yellow and purplish-red flowers. Native to the areas of the Eastern Cape: KwaZulu Natal, Gauteng and Limpopo, it is said to be effective in the fight against cancer, tuberculosis, HIV and other chronic conditions that are currently being researched. The shea tree, also called shi tree, is a traditional African food plant. The great natural sites to visit in Ghana include Mole National Park located in northwest of the country. It was first introduced to Europe in the year 1773, and then to other parts of the world. So far, several conservation plans have been implemented to prevent the situation from getting worse. The coastal savanna in the southeastern plains around Accra consists of a mixture of scrub and tall grass (mostly Guinea grass), with giant anthills, often 10 to 14 feet (3 to 4 metres) high, providing an anchorage for thicket clumps that often include Elaeophorbia (a fleshy-leaved plant containing caustic latex) and other drought- and fire-resistant species such as the baobab (Adansonia digitata). The leaf extract of Gymnemasylvestre is a powerful herbal medicine for tackling diabetes. Ghana is home to a significant number of fungi species including: Aspergillus flavus; Athelia rolfsii; Auricularia auricula-judae; Curvularia; Fusarium oxysporum; Fusarium solani f.sp. Although, in Ghana they are mostly used to treat measles, diarrhea, and small pox. The beans inside are the main ingredients for chocolate. /VCG Photo. Find here the different species of timber available from Ghana Forestry Commission. Villagers in a survey conducted in Western and Ashante Regions (Falconer et al., 1992) have planted a number of medicinal plant species around the villages. Commonly found on the savannas of Africa, the baobab is a large tree, growing up to 95 feet tall and living for thousands of years. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website and to gather statistics. We compared 2,350 Afro-Surinamese vernacular plant names with those vernacular plant names used in western Africa for botanically related taxa. It serves as a guide to beautiful plants from different countries. About this book . The fibres are exported to many other countries. This category contains the native flora of Ghana as defined by the World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions.Taxa of the lowest rank are always included; taxa of higher ranks (e.g. Enslaved Africans had to familiarize themselves with the American flora, which was largely alien to them, to survive. Its fruit is used to extract the shea butter that is in great demand in the cosmetic industry. The fruits are also used to make palm nut soup. These hefty reptiles, among the more formidable of the country's native creatures, claim an omnivorous and opportunistic disposition. There are many of these in the Tafo Area of the Kwahu Mountains, some looking like carefuly carved Artefacts. Jasmines are … A list of forest plants thought to be endemic to Ghana is at (Google Books). For an overview of Ghana's natural history see the "National Biodiversity Strategy for Ghana 2002" (CBD pdf file). Bird of Paradise picclick.com. A small fishing village on Butre beach, Ghana. Annona senegalensis takes the form of either a shrub or small tree, growing between two and six meters tall. Distinguish Ghana's monitor lizards by their sheer mass. The plant is native to … The coconut palm is one of the most important cash crops in the coastal regions of Ghana. /VCG photo. Women lead the production of this butter. 20. The Mayans believed cocoa was the food of the gods and the beans were used as currency. Caladiums are grown for their long-lasting colourful folliage. Its blooming time is autumn, winter, and spring. Pineapples are a local favorite, and there were only a few of them in Wiamoase. They’re grown for their fruit but also for ornamental reasons. In greenhouses, lantana is notorious for attracting whitefly. /VCG Photo. Copyright photograph: Arne and Bent Larsen. You can see coconuts sold at almost every corner in Accra, the capital and the largest city in the country. It’s impossible to mention all the plants in Ghana in this post, which is why we have selected a number of plants. Divided into subjects such as food, fuel, medicine and weeds, and listed by their scientific, Ghanaian and English (where applicable) names, Useful Plants of Ghana will be of great interest to ethnobotanists and biochemists searching for little known remedies for further research. Mali - Mali - Plant and animal life: There are two main vegetation zones that correspond to the climatic regions of the Sudan and the Sahel. Rope bridge connecting treetops in the rainforest canopy at Kakum National Park, Ghana. It is now listed as vulnerable on the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List. Do you agree with these cookies. Gymhema Sylvestre Gymnema sylvestre is a tropical tree that belongs to the family of Apocynaceae and genus Gymnema. A plant well-known for its immune-boosting properties, the corn of the plant is dried and crushed into a powder and sold in the form of capsules and creams. The tree can produce nuts for up to 200 years after it matures. Lantana camara has been reported to make animals ill after ingestion. Momordica charantia which is also known as karela, bitter gourd, balsam pear or bitter melon is a tendril-bearing vine used mainly for treating diabetes especially in India, the Caribbean, South America and East Africa. On the tips of these tentacles are glands that produce an adhesive substance that traps an unsuspecting victim. This means that the plant grows on another plant, while not depriving the plant of any food. This tree is mostly prevalent in Africa, India, Australia, China and Vietnam. Taro also is known as elephant ear is a tropical plant which requires moderate temperature and the huge amount of sunlight. It is one of the most popular perennial plants. Hippo. Plants & Nations is a series of articles and pictures about common plants in the world. A fascinating collection of information about the plants of Ghana. Located in West Africa, Ghana is blessed with abundant natural resources and cultural treasures. From picturesque beaches to the bustling Kejetia Market, which is said to be one of the biggest markets in West Africa, Ghana is becoming a more popular traveling destination. To raise awareness of the country's natural resources, we will introduce three plants of great economic value to Ghana. The fruit of the avocado is used as a food in Ghana. Women lead the production of this butter. Occasionally, it may become as tall as 11 m. A traditional food plant in Africa, the fruits of A. senegalensis have the potential to improve nutrition, boost food security, foster rural development and support sustainable land care. For more articles of the series, you can check: (If you want to contribute and have specific expertise, please contact us at nature@cgtn.com. By the late 1870s, cocoa plantations were introduced to Africa, and between 1911 to 1976, Ghana was already the world's leading producer of cocoa. The plant has long, red tentacles which are attached to the base of the plant. In the coming year we’ll add more plants to this list. Analysis - In parts of Ghana there are still persistently high rates of acute malnutrition. Beijing ICP prepared NO.16065310-3. Native to the tropical regions of the Americas, cocoa has been cultivated worldwide for thousands of years. Licorice; Licorice is one of the top plants in the list of medicinal plants in China and has been used as part of Chinese traditional medicine for over centuries. In the Sudanic zone, localized forest corridors are found along the Guinean border and in the river valleys; the rest of the area is covered with savanna. 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