what are the 4 ethical theories

Chapter 4 Ethical Theories in Nursing Practice Discussion Question. Ethics is a branch of philosophy dealing with human action. WHAT IS ETHICS? The method of ethical decision making which was developed by Dr. Cathryn A. Baird presented two components contained in all ethical decisions which are; The Four ethical Lenses and the 4+1 Decision process. This article presents a brief review of three of famous philosophical theories of ethics, which may enrich our understanding and guide our behaviour in medical practice. Ethics or moral philosophy is a branch of philosophy that "involves systematizing, defending, and recommending concepts of right and wrong behavior". Types of Ethical Theories •Teleological Theories •Deontological Theories •Classical Utilitarianism •Forms of Utilitarianism •Problems in calculating Utility 2. Discussion board questions: 1. Virtue ethics names a type of ethical theory that takes virtues of character, rather than individual actions or rules, as the most fundamental ethical concepts. If the consequence is good then the decision was right but if they are bad then the decision was wrong. Utilitarianism: A Theory of Consequences. Thank you for reading and commenting. 1-2 (at least through his statement of the “Greatest Happiness” principle, p. 55, for Tuesday). Topic 2; 2 Theory 1Teleological Theories. Having a basic understanding of the major ethical theories will help us toward an ethical resolution learning how to articulate and justify the decision. There are three theories that try to explain the moral principles that are expected from someone in a given situation and how human language can be judged to be right or wrong. First assignment Read Mill, chs. Print out thechart of basic approaches to ethical theory from my website (which I use instead of Canvas). While the term “medical care” designates the intention to identify and to understand disease states in order to be able to diagnose and treat patients who might suffer from them, the term “health care” has a broader application to include not only what is entailed by medical care but also considerations that, while not medical, nevertheless exercise a decided effect on the health status of people. Consequentialism. The morality of a decision depends on the consequences. Later the term was applied to particular (and narrower) moral codes or value systems. Business ethics theories include the moral principles or codes a company implements to ensure that all individuals working in the company act with acceptable behavior. Many theories have come and gone, while others have withstood the test of time. Instead we shall consider the three theories that command most followers. Adequately analyzes two ethical theories and justifies the application of one theory to resolve the ethical dilemma in the case scenario. What would provide a basis for universal moral codes ? Ethical theories provide a framework for interactions with clients or service users. Traditionally, ethics referred to the philosophical study of morality, the latter being a more or less systematic set of beliefs, usually held in common by a group, about how people should live.Ethics also referred to particular philosophical theories of morality. The three ethical theories are either based on consequence, duty or community. 2.1 Ethical Theories Under Ethical Theories there are a few approaches focus on the ethical requirements that solid the relationship between business and society. The Problem with Ethics: If Normative Ethical Relativism is flawed and cannot provide for a basis for moral society for humans on planet earth, then what is to provide that basis? Nursing ethics first appeared in textbooks in the late 19th century. These theories propose a set of ethical … For Assessment 3, Task 2 - your are required to apply the classical ethical theories, from Tavani, H.T. Those that propose to prescribe the morally correct way of action. Conventionalism Kantian deontology Divine command theory Virtue-based ethics CONCEPT Case Study: Animal Rights 11 Renae has three brothers. Morality on other hand is based on societal values. Normative Ethical Theories. Nurses have the responsibility to recognize and identify ethical issues that affect staff and patients. They include the stockholder theory, the stakeholder theory and the social-contract theory. Normative Ethical Theories. Rights are of essential importance in such disciplines as law and ethics, especially theories of justice and deontology. The field of ethics, along with aesthetics, concerns matters of value, and thus comprises the branch of philosophy called axiology.. Ethics seeks to resolve questions of human morality by defining concepts such as good and evil, right … A few different business ethics theories exist, such as the utilitarian, rights, justice, common good and … From these theories, ethical principles have developed to guide judgements on how to care for patients. Thus, not only are bacteria and viruses (which are in the purview of medicine) of concern in the practice of health care, so … I have attached a powerpoint necessary to complete this discussion. In an effort to establish some ethical guidelines for business, three normative ethical theories have evolved in Western capitalist societies. These are: utilitarianism, deontology, virtue ethics and principlism. Moral virtues like honesty, courage, integrity, temperance and generosity are taken to be inherently good first, then actions are evaluated based on whether they express those virtues. 4 major ethical theories with examples.. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. ETHICS: Chapter Four : Ethical Theories: Section 1. RevLady from Lantana, Florida on August 29, 2011: A great synopsis of the ever elusive definition "ethics." Ethical Theories (crane and matten, 2010) Are the rules and principles that determine right and wrong for any given situation. 2.1.1 Universal rights It is important to understand the basic of the ethical theories and how to utilize them to deal with the ethical dilemma in the medical practice. View 4) Ethical theories .pdf from ENGR 201 at Concordia University. This preview shows page 2 - 4 out of 4 pages. The 4 theories of ethics. What SHOULD be done. If we were to consider every ethical theory, this book would be too long. This article will explore and summarise the four main ethical theories that have relevance for healthcare assistants. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Utilitarianism is trying to maximize benefit for the most including self.

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